Norfolk Island Green Parrot

 
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Found nowhere else in the world, and 1500 kilometers east of the Australian mainland on a remote Australian territory lives the rare Norfolk Island Green Parrot. This unique bird is Critically Endangered and has been on the brink of extinction twice.

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Once common in the forests of Norfolk Island, by the late 1970s the species had dramatically declined due to chick and egg predation by introduced rats and cats and a shortage of suitable nests due to clearing of the forests. After only four breeding pairs were recorded in the 1980s, implementation of a recovery plan successfully boosted the population to 160 individuals in 2001. The species was then downlisted to endangered which lead to a decline in funding for monitoring and management. As the population was not being monitored adequately, its second collapse was not detected until it was almost too late – in 2013 only 11 breeding females remained.

This second decline was due to invasive species, such as cats and rats predating on the birds and competition for nest-hollows with introduced common starlings and crimson rosellas.

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Urgent action was required, with an installation of 75 predator-resistant nest sites at Phillip Island which lead to a relocation of 44 fledglings. Establishing a second population of green parrots will ensure the bird's long-term survival.

The long-term future of the Norfolk Island Green Parrot depends on ongoing support for a recovery project.

Birdlife Australia is calling on the Australian Government to implement priority actions - monitoring and management, to recover the Critically Endangered Norfolk Island Green Parrot.

 

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